finishing strong: how finland stays on top.

by:ZHENHUA     2020-03-30
How can a small country become a paper superpower?
Work hard and focus on goals.
How can small countries with cold weather be close to dominant neighbors and become global leaders in the forest products industry?
It uses its organizational and engineering skills to become a aggregator of savvy trading countries, forest products and engineering companies, and experts in quality paper grades.
On a recent trip to Finland, I asked a few people a question?
How does Finland, with a population of only 5 million, become a big country for forest products?
The answer seems to focus on three aspects. [
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First of all, Finland\'s forest products industry is an important part of the country.
Unlike other countries, forest products are only a small part of the larger economy, and the forest products industry is the backbone of Finland\'s economy.
According to the Finnish forest industry federation in 2002, the forest products industry accounted for 7% of Finland\'s GDP, 20% of industrial production and 25% of export revenue.
The growth of the target level is exponential.
Finland has grown from printing and writing paper production in 1960 to less than 1 million metric tons/year to about 8 million metric tons/year today.
In other words, Finland cannot erode its position in the forest products industry.
The country continues to attach great importance to the forest products industry and is willing to invest and reinvest the necessary capital to stay ahead.
Second, the Finnish forest industry invests in human resources.
It employs a total of 100,000 Finns and indirectly 150,000 Finns. Metso Corp.
Out of a total of 10,500 employees worldwide, Finland has 28,000 employees who are interested in paper, minerals and automation.
The University of Finland\'s strong pulp and paper Education Program is a leading European project that helps to expand the employment base.
These universities train highly qualified people to run and manage pulp and paper mills and supplier companies that serve them.
Third, the Finnish forest industry has a long history of close cooperation with its production and supply companies.
This led to a major breakthrough in the paper industry.
Finland has several major pulp and paper engineering technology centers, and new technologies are usually implemented first in pulp and paper mills in Finland.
China\'s forest products companies continue to invest heavily in research and development.
Their investment between 1998 and 2002 doubled to about 0. 22 billion euros ($0. 258 billion. )
About half of Finland\'s investment centers.
The other half is in the international department of the company. [
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All of this adds up to paper made and exported from Finland.
The total output of Finnish paper and cardboard is 12.
It was 8 million metric tons and 11 tons in 2002.
Export 2 million metric tons.
Total turnover (sales)
Finland\'s forest industry group is 35 euros.
2002 5 billion. Metso Corp.
The company sells most of its products and services to the forest products industry, with annual sales of about 4 euros.
2002 7 billion.
This is an impressive number for a small country of 5 million people --
There are fewer people living in the metropolitan area of Chicago, Illinois.
Finland also has strong business ethics and a tradition of excellence in engineering.
One example is that Finland has recently been named the most honest country in the world in business transactions.
2003 Transparency International Corruption Perception Index ranked Finland as the least corrupt country.
The United States ranked 18 and Bangladesh 133.
In recent years, Finland has continuously consolidated its strong position in the global forest products industry.
Two of the world\'s top five paper companies-
Stoolanso and UPMKymmene--are in Finland.
The two companies are the result of numerous mergers.
These companies dominate the paper industry in Europe.
It can be said that stouranso is the world\'s largest producer of paper and cardboard. Metso Paper (Valmet before.
One of the world\'s two largest suppliers of pulp and machinery, has acquired part or all of many other large and small suppliers.
Names such as Tampella and Sunds defiberator are now under the Metso flag.
Metso also owns the after-sales and repair business of its former competitor Beloit.
Liquidation was carried out in bankruptcy proceedings.
Today, Metso operates 16 technical centers, 28 manufacturing units, 25 sales subsidiaries and 41 service centers worldwide.
Again, the companies that survived all these mergers remain in Finland.
I visited several factories a week.
Finland long distance tour sponsored by Metso
This past summer
These factories are good examples of Finland expanding and expanding its position in the global pulp and paper industry.
They reflect Finland\'s high focus on its core forest products industry, its willingness to invest to stay ahead, its focus on maintaining workers\' key paper-making skills, and close cooperation between factories and suppliers.
Our group first visited the sladora ENSO Mill in Olu, Finland.
Storarenso is the world leader in pulp and paper, with annual sales of about 12 euros.
At 8 billion, the total capacity of paper and cardboard is 15 million metric tons/year, with about 42,500 employees (32% in Finland).
The company focuses on five core areas: magazine paper, newsprint, fine paper, packaging board, wood products.
The Olu paper mill, located on the banks of the Olu River, consists of a pulp mill of 360,000 tons/year and two large paper machines.
PM 6 began on 1991 and PM 7 began on 1997.
This factory runs its own deepwater harbor.
Ship transport most paper.
Paint pigments and calcium carbonate enter the port through mud.
The ORU factory produces paper and scroll art paper that is ultimately used for commercial printing, advertising, catalogues, journals, special interest magazines, annual reports, coffee table books and other markets.
Two basic coating paper grades produced in the factory: LumiArt (glossy)and LumiSilk (
Silk or matte, as North Americans know).
About 65% of the factory\'s output is converted into paper, and 35% of the output is shipped in the form of a reel.
PM 6 from 130-350 g/m2.
After recent reconstruction, the machine has an annual production capacity of 515,000 tons. The 9-
The M-wide machine now has a speed of 1200 m/min, including a hybrid and shoe Press.
Machine off 1400 m/min-
Wire coating machine.
PM 7 from 80-118 g/[m. sup. 2]
The annual production capacity is 403,000 metric tons. The 9-
The M-wide machine runs at a speed of 1600 m/min, including the voider, Shoe Machine, double
Side Film coating machine and off-
The production line coating machine running at 1800 m/min.
\"Global preferences for coated paper are changing,\" said Juhani Jarvela, director of research and development for fine paper at Oulu mill Stora.
The volume of Silk (matte)
Grades are growing rapidly as more paper buyers specify grades.
Many people think that the color reproduction of silk is better than silk. we have done a lot of research and development work to develop our silk grade.
It is difficult to produce a smooth surface with low gloss, but we have been able to do so. \" [
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The factory operates a Lumi printing laboratory with full equipment.
Includes a press with a maximum speed of 15,000 sheets/hour.
\"The printing lab is a great place for our workers to educate them about what our customers really want,\" Jarvela said . \".
\"Customers can test our paper in the lab, and our R & D staff can use it for factory scale trials.
\"One of the most recent improvements to the plant is the Puomi project, which increases the capacity of PM6 from 420,000 metric tons per year to 515,000 metric tons per year.
The project includes installing two Metso OptiLoad morenip calenders.
\"The OptiLoad unit allows us to control the pressure in each nip;
This can even bring pressure to delay. \"Said Jarvela.
\"In the traditional supercalendar, the pressure is the lowest in the top nip and the highest in the bottom nip.
This causes the paper to lose volume, stiffness and opacity under low syntax.
Having the same pressure in the nips allows us to increase the hardness but to maintain the same gloss and smoothness.
\"The storalong-term Oulu factory is the achievement of the company\'s quality objectives --
Produce high quality coated paper.
\"Many people say that it is impossible to make art paper on large machines --
\"You can only produce on small machines with an annual output of 60,000 tons,\" Jarvela said . \".
\"When we started designing PM 6 in 1989, we knew it was a big risk, but we put our resources into determining how to make\" handmade \"on large paper machines\"\" M-
The next tour is M-
The real flour mill (M-
Real represents \"implementing it on paper \". \")M-real--
A multinational paper company based in Finland-produces 6.
1 million metric tons of paper and cardboard per year.
The company\'s Kanas factory has 380 employees producing coated paper: 100,000 metric tons/year for PM 2 and 220,000 tons/year for PM 4.
The factory is certified by ISO 9001, ISO 14001, BS 8800 and EMAS.
According to Pekka Korvenniemi, technical director of Konkas, the factory is at 130-year history.
In 2001, Konkas launched the \"Kajo project\", which extensively rebuilt its two paper machines, producing only one product: coated paper branded as shopie one for commercial useto-
Business Communications, direct mail, publishing.
The Kajo project invested 100 million euros, PM 4 invested 85% euros, and PM 2 invested in euro.
The reconstruction of PM 4 is 7-
The weekly project started in March 2001.
The news area of PM 4 was rebuilt with a shoe machine in the third nip.
This increases the machine speed from 950 to 1200 m/min with a maximum load of 1000 kN/m.
The reconstruction includes a new two.
Blade Online coating machine with gas drying.
The OptiCoat injection device has a pressurized injection suitable for high-speed coating.
The coating kitchen extension includes new latex tanks from Metso Paperchem and uf to minimize coating losses. On-
Line coating is an important key to this operation, according to Korvenniemi.
\"The quality of the substrate is on-line coating.
If there is a problem with the hole on the bottom plate, then you should not be in-line coating.
It works very effectively if you have good process and process control.
\"The factory also upgraded from Damatic process control system to MetsoDNA process control system.
\"We completely updated our automation system on PM 2 and PM 4,\" Korvenniemi said . \".
\"I still can\'t believe how successful this project is.
We have never had automation problems.
The first conversion is done entirely on PM 2 as planned and takes only 24 hours.
\"In addition to the Metso DNA system, the plant has installed Honeywell da Vinci QCS units, Metso Sensodec status monitoring systems and ABB Ulma hole detectors.
The plant has closed loop control of retention, pH and charging.
There is also a PM 4
Line calender stacking and Metso OptiLoad OL6 calender units help the factory to make grade changes between Silk and smooth grades.
\"We made a huge change from making beautiful paper (copy paper)
Coated paper.
Because our paper machine people don\'t have experience in coating, it\'s a bit challenging.
\"Due to the need for more thorough cleaning of the coated paper machine, we have added an automatic washing machine shower,\" Korvenniemi said . \". UPM-
KYMMENE in cusanski, the last mill we visited was UPM-
Kuusankoski Mill in Kymmene. UPM-
Kymmene aims to become the world\'s leading paper company by focusing on magazine newspapers, newspaper and fine and professional papers.
The company has turnover (sales)
10 billion euros.
This makes it the third largest paper producer in the world and the largest printing and writing paper producer in Western Europe.
The company operates 22 paper mills and 52 paper machines worldwide. [
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The Kuusankoski plant produces 550,000 metric tons of wood-free coating, coating-free and machine grade per year.
Its pulp mill produces 525,000 metric tons/year of hardwood and Cork pulp for the following machines: * PM 7, a 4. 6-
M wide machine, producing 150,000 MT/year UPM Finesse 220, coating (silk)grade.
* PM 8 started in 1983 and has recently been rebuilt several times in 2001.
It has a capacity of 330,000 metric tons/year and a maximum speed of 1541 m/min.
It takes 48-90 g/[m. sup. 2].
During the reconstruction process, the factory installed basepaper\'s C3 coating machine from PM 8.
The coating machine can produce silk and oil paper. * PM 9, an 8. 5-
M wide machine, started in November 1988 and rebuilt in 1995.
The annual production capacity is 370,000 metric tons.
The machine produces uncoated fine paper, which is converted into seal paper, copy paper and sheet paper.
There are two small professional machines in the factory. -PM 1 and PM 2-
It began in 1935 and 1936. [
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The main product is UPM Finesse--
70-lighter and brighter coated paper115 g/[m. sup. 2].
This very white and opaque paper has been used in direct mail ads in fashion magazines and other apps.
\"In order to reach this level, we have made a lot of investment,\" said Timo Johnson, mill manager . \".
\"We have to move mountains.
Why should we focus on coated paper?
We do this to defend and increase our company\'s market share in the woodfree coating business.
The challenge we face is to make the best newspapers in the world.
The mass trend is clearly moving in the direction of low grammar with high opacity and brightness, good volume and stiffness, and better surface properties such as smoothness.
\"One of the reasons we have successfully completed this project is our long-term cooperation with our major supplier, Metso,\" Johansson continued . \".
\"Cooperation has given us a lot of efficiency improvements, not based on capital expenditure, but on a better understanding of the process.
\"About 350 people changed jobs during the project;
The workers received extensive professional training.
\"Even family members have been trained to understand their important support roles when their spouse or parents are working in the factory for a long time,\" Johansson said . \".
\"In projects like this, people have to know how to manage their family life.
\"The focus on training and participation worked.
\"We have a strong team spirit in this project and even recorded two songs!
This is part of creative thinking.
Everyone in the factory has a strong sense of mission, \"Johnson said.
\"There is a professional, innovative, relaxed and positive spirit throughout the project among our staff and Metso staff.
\"In the its products based on improvement of at the same time the plant also in 1998 start the major of productivity improvement plan from 1800 the plan lead to staff reduced to 1300 people although no one was
\"We have to do something to manage this factory for the future.
\"We are able to increase productivity with fewer people,\" Johansson said . \".
Finland\'s future three factories are examples of how Finland has become a paper power in the past 40 years.
It is clear that Finland still faces challenges.
Despite the demise of Beloit, there may still be too many mechanical manufacturing capabilities around the world.
The paper market is still in the doldrums.
Still, Finland
Due to its unique focus and willingness to invest-
In taking advantage of the industry\'s future growth, it is in a better position than most countries.
Related article: in this article, you will learn: * how Finland has become a leading force in the global paper industry.
* Why are many Finnish factories constantly upgrading their processes.
* How Finland\'s spirit of cooperation leads to technological breakthroughs.
Additional resources: * \"Rauma after five years: a new look at world-class pulp mills\", Neil mccubin, a solution company! November 2001.
* \"The journey to Scandinavian research facilities inspired the idea of collaboration,\" Richard Barker, Matt Coleman, TAPPI magazine, January. 1998. * www. metsopaper. com * www. storaenso. com * * www. m-real.
The editor\'s director of the author Alan Roux, Alan Roux, is the editor\'s director of solutions! Magazine.
Contact him 847 998-8093, or by e-
Mail from Arooks @ tappi.
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