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decoupage is painting with cutouts
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In the last 10 to 15 years
Cut out the paper picture or pattern, and paste the decoration process on the tray, wallet, mirror, lamp, cabinet and other household items, or, personal items are listed as one of the most popular crafts in the country.
It is said to be the most popular of all crafts.
According to estimates from manufacturers and distributors of handmade materials, more than 3 million Americans are actively involved in the entertainment, and they spend about $25 million a year on supplies and materials.
The reason for the popularity is not difficult to understand.
Minimum required tools;
Cheap materials, easy to buy;
Small work space is required;
People of all ages and various skill levels can get attractive results with a little practice and guidance.
Paper cutting is essentially a kind of paper art.
The word comes from French, meaning \"delete \".
\"Drawings, prints, photos, patterns or other replicas on paper can be cut off from magazines, old hooks and calendars.
These are carefully arranged into the desired design and pasted onto the surface of the object being decorated
Wood, metal, plastic, glass, Cork and Silk
Many varnish or other clear plastic finishes are then applied.
Although paper cutting began to become a popular folk art in Europe in the 12 th century
About the time when newspapers came to Europe from China
It was not until the 17 th century that when the hand-carved paper-cut in color was glued to the furniture, and then painted, that now classic paper-cut style appeared, craftsmen tried to imitate the more expensive Chinese lacquer furniture that was in great demand at the time.
Furniture makers in Venice have created this technology as a quick, inexpensive way to simulate Chinese lacquer ware.
The resulting paper cutting product is called \"chinoserie \".
The Italian labeled it as \"Alte povero\" or \"lacche povero\"
The lacquer of the poor.
The technology spread to France in a new look, with exquisite flowers, plump little angels, idyllic lights and lace cutouts of many butterflies.
The paper cuts here are created by hand colored prints by famous artists such as Jenny Antoine Votu and Francois Boucher. Designers in.
Germany and Austria have different positions.
The decoupling they use remains consistent with the mainstream Bierdermeir style
Bold patterns using floral and graphic reliefs.
In the UK, paper cuts are called Japanese, and feathers and complex cuts are combined with fine colored paper.
By the 18 th century, decoupage was no longer just a professional craft.
For those who are rich or noble enough to have leisure time, it has also become a popular leisure activity.
Mary Antoinette produced the work of \"decoupling;
The same is true of Lord Byron and Bo Brumel.
After the heyday of the Victorian era, interest in decoupling gradually weakened and did not begin to recover until about 20 years ago.
At the beginning, decdupeurs had to buy their materials from many different sources and could not always find what they wanted.
According to Jeffrey Wheeler, editor of craft, models and Hobbies magazine, \"The company is starting to produce key materials --
Plaque, box, print, gold weave, paint and finish-
Especially for the decoupling process packaging.
\"Because it adapts to anyone\'s skill level, the decoupling phenomenon has grown,\" said Dee Davis . \" She ventured on crafts with her sister Ruth Liston, a professional store and teaching center located at 218 East 81 Street, Manhattan.
\"Creative talent is not needed where it is ready --
Use a homemade kit.
On the other hand, decoupling can be a very challenging and complex work that produces art forms that anyone can afford.
You can invest in a basic kit with all the basic materials and equipment for less than $10.
A person can then extend his or her scope, scope, and artistry to use other materials because there is really no limit to what can be decoupled.
When a beginner is looking for a project, Madam
Davis advises them to start with simple things like boxes, plaques, or trays.
Many craft shops, community centers, adult education programs, and local \"Y\" and arts centers provide guidance on decoupling technologies.
In addition, there are many books that can learn basic knowledge and more advanced technology.
They include Dorothy Harrow\'s infinite world of decoration (
Rich mine Library Department
\"Manning\'s paper-cut,\" by Saigon Wannian (
Press the Fireside);
The Complete Book of decoupling by Frances S. Wing (Coward‐McCann);
Decoupling from \"contemporary\" by Selma it Newman (
There is a small bend scissors in the required tools and materials (
They look like Corner Cuts);
A soft-haired flat brush for varnish
A very clean white glue (
Elmer\'s universal glue and Sobo are the two most popular brands); a soft sponge;
Some sheets without them.
400 wet dry sandpaper (
For polishing between varnish coatings); a sealer (
Applied to wooden objects before pasting on the cut); clear varnish (
Or transparent plastic coating that can be used like varnish);
Or paper designer.
The optional material for advertising that can prove helpful is small brayer (
Some prefer to use a hard rubber roller instead of a sponge for smoothing bubbles when the cut is glued in place); Plasti‐Tak (
A temporary adhesive similar to puttylike that can fix the cut in the appropriate position when the design and picture move); a tack cloth (
Used to wipe dust after polishing);
Paint and stains that color the background before decorating;
A plaster of wood plastic or artist filled with peace slip defects;
A ruler and a knife with a replaceable sharp blade.
For those who want to work in the 18th-century decoupling style --
That is to say, color their paper cuts by hand
And then colored pencils (
Derwent is a very popular brand)
It is the easiest to use for ordinary prints.
Watercolors are also effective, but they need more skill to control.
Decoration such as embossed gold braids can also be used as a frame or decoration embedded in a printed matter.
Of course, the printing itself is at the heart of all styles of decoration.
Prints can be obtained from various sources-
Used bookstores, magazines, photos, calendar illustrations, old handmade color prints or prints.
There are also prints specially published for decoupling work.
Brandon souvenir company
3 West 39 Street, 10016 New York City, with a variety of old and new reliefs, decorative decorations and unusual old patterns and outlines.
Other sources include: Dover Publishing
180, 10014 Varick Street, New York City, with some very useful colored books on paper, suitable for coupling work;
Foster Art Services Limited
430 Tustin West Sixth Street, California
92680. Publication of soft-cover art books containing color prints.
When decoupling a box, tray, or other object made of wood (
Wood is a good starting material)
Raw wood must be sealed first.
This can be done with a thin layer of varnish or shellac, a common wood sealant or paint (
If you want to draw a background).
For example, if the artist\'s acrylic color will be used to color the box (
A popular paint that is used by many people)
The artist\'s acrylic polymer emulsion will then serve as a good sealant.
If you have questions about the choice of sealing and finishing, it is better for beginners to consult his dealer.
The use of incompatible finishes can lead to cracking, blistering and peeling.
After the wood is sealed, all prints are colored and cut out carefully, and the pieces used in the design should be arranged to achieve the desired results.
White vinyl glue sticks the paper to most surfaces, but usually they have to be slightly diluted with water.
No set formula for how much water to use-
Usually, thicker paper needs thicker glue, and thinner paper needs a little thinner glue. (
If the edges are easily curled, the glue may be too thin;
If it is difficult to smooth the paper, then the glue may be too thick).
It is usually better to apply glue to the surface of the object being decorated, rather than the back of the paper.
Some people apply glue with their fingers, and some apply glue with a brush.
In either way, the glue should be applied thin and then the paper should be positioned in time (
Rinse your fingers first to keep the design surface clean).
Then, with a damp and clean sponge, carefully squeeze out all the bubbles and excess glue, start in the middle of the design and work towards the edge.
A common mistake is to trap bubbles under paper.
It can lead to layering and is not beautiful.
Use the brayer or wallpaper seam roller as well as the sponge if necessary.
Next is the multiple applications of finish.
The finish can be smooth or dim, but it must be transparent, resistant to March, elastic, heat-resistant, and as resistant to alcohol as possible.
The range of finishes available is very large.
There are slow-drying varnish and fast-drying varnish, some with matte finish and others with gloss.
After coating every five times, polish the varnish with wet sand to eliminate bubbles and other defects.
After each sanding, remove the sand with a sticky cloth and apply more varnish.
If possible, it is better to work in the dust-free area to prevent dust from entering the finish.
To bury the thin paper cut under the finish, it may be necessary to apply up to 20 layers of varnish.
Then rub the last coat with No.
0000 steel wool gives a silk finish, and then protects the finish with a paste wax coating.
This is just a simple description of a de-coupling method.
Another popular form, especially for men, is 3D decoupling.
In this change, such as papier-mache or silcone rubber (
Generally, the bathtub calking is sold)
Work under paper cut to produce relief effect
Or a 3D relief is achieved by many layers of paper applied to each other.
Another technique, sometimes called \"potichomania\", involves the use of paper under glass.
Here the paper is pasted onto a glass object so that it can be decorated instead of the available side of the glass form.
For example, if a glass hurricane is decorated as a lamp holder, the paper cut will be pasted inside to make the outside smooth and washable.
On the other hand, if you want to decorate the candy tray, the outside will be covered to make the inside smooth and usable.
Some people reduce the decoupling to a very junior level by using \"cheats\", such as decals that have been cropped and colored, or using heavy thick plastic finishes, this finish can be built quickly to embed decals without the need to brush multi-layer varnish or any sanding.
To help fight against the use of \"scammers\" and other non-creative materials and technologies, Louise Hoyt of Grose Point, Michigan founded a professional organization three years ago.
The organization, known as the National Association of decoupling, includes amateurs and professionals, and now has more than 300 members.
Those who are interested in joining the organization can obtain the application form and judgment directive by writing to the National Association. Decoupeurs, P. O.
Box 5119, corner of Mich Grosse. 48236.
Judgment is based on achievements in composition, cutting, coloring, lining and finishing the box.
After becoming a \"layman\", it can reach other standards, reach the level of \"skilled workers\" and finally reach the level of \"master\" craftsmen.
The association has also published a monthly newsletter for members called \"separation dialogue\", which is characterized by information exchange.
Selma Newman is the author of contemporary decoupling and other arts and crafts books.
A version of this file was printed on page D31 of The New York edition on June 15, 1975, with the title: De-coupling is painting with a cut.