Knowing these basics can speed up your selection process and boost your ability to choose the most efficient and cost effective air compressor system. You'll be better informed to talk about your needs with any air compressor sales representative. This is the volume of air flow. You will need to know how much SCFM you need to operate your equipment. It is the pressure resulting from a force applied to an area of one square inch...a unit of pressure relative to the surrounding atmosphere.
The duty cycle of a machine refers to how long it can keep operating before it needs a rest, or what percentage of the time it's designed to be in use. The Duty Cycle is generally 75% in Reciprocating Compressors and 100%with Screw Air Compressors. Example: During one hour of operation for a Reciprocating Compressor, the compressor will run 75% of that hour - or run for 45 minutes and rest for 15 minutes.
You should know what is available at your location to run your equipment. Always have a qualified electrician review electrical requirements. COMPRESSOR LOCATION: These terms deal with the physical location of your compressor in relation to other equipment, noise level requirements, and ventilation. Also consider the need to have enough space around your compressor to perform needed maintenance. The best and easiest place to begin is to discover what your air requirements are according to your equipment manufacturer's specifications.
Compressor discharge pressure must exceed the PSI requirement of all pneumatic tools or equipment being operated. You want to make sure that your compressor can successfully provide the air you need for ALL your equipment. Both of these can be produced with oil-free compressors, or with lubricated compressors and additional filtration equipment. Careful consideration should be given to the risk and cost associated with product contamination, before selecting an oil-free or lubricated air compressor.
Plant Air: Air tools, general plant air Instrument Air: Laboratories, paint spraying, powder coating, climate control Process Air: Food and pharmaceutical process air, electronics Breathing Air: Hospital air systems, diving tank refill stations, respirators for cleaning and/or grit blasting. Identify available incoming electrical service before specifying an air compressor. Always have a qualified electrician review electrical requirements. You may need to upgrade your electrical service.
An important consideration when utilizing a compressed air system within an operation is where to physically locate the unit. There isn't just one way to install a compressor, but be aware of all the advantages and disadvantages to each system and layout. For most plant environments, compressed air systems are designed to fit in a centralized area, adjacent or near the actual applications in which it serves. Sometimes it may be more beneficial to have several smaller compressors with separate distribution systems located throughout a plant rather than one larger compressor.
Now you are ready to take all your information gathered on your air compressor needs and talk to an authorized air compressor distributor. With your vital information in hand...you can make a wise and cost efficient decision. The two most popular types of air compressors are Reciprocating Compressors and Rotary Screw Compressors.